DIGITAL CERAMIC PRINTING
With digital printing, desired patterns even photograhps with unlimited range of colors can be printed on the glass surface. The printing becomes permanent after tempering. The process is very fast and does not require set up delays like mold or paint changes between two different jobs.
Digital printing can be used anywhere on the glassinternally or externally, from decoration walls to facade windows, from shower enclosures to furniture glasses where colorful details are desired.
|Thicknesses||4 - 5 - 6 - 8 - 10 - 12 - 15 - 19 mm|
|Dimenions||Maximum 2400 x 5000 mm|
Camglass Digital Printed and Curved Glass Turkey Turkish Manufacturer
With digital printing, desired patterns and even unlimited color options can be printed on the glass surface. After tempering, the print becomes permanent. The process is very fast and does not require installation delays such as mold or paint changes between two different jobs. Digital printing can be used on any part of the glass, inside or outside, where colorful details are desired, from decorative walls to facade windows, from shower cabins to furniture glasses. Details such as the resolution capacity of the Digital Printing Machine, the number of heads, the software used, and its mechanical parts affect the final quality of the printed glass.
Architects' and Designers' Choice Overcoming the traditional limitations of architectural glass printing and decoration methods, digitally printed glass has inspired thousands of architects and designers to explore new avenues of creativity for durability, quality and modern and sustainable designs that meet the highest standards. Thousands of digitally printed glass projects have created outstanding landmarks and won prestigious awards.
Exceptionally vibrant hues created with a wide color gamut digitally printed glass technology takes glass design to the next level of creativity, beauty and durability for interior surfaces and applications. It adds tremendous value to commercial and residential glass applications for dividers, partitions, doors, windows, shower glass, tabletops and more. In addition, artists prefer digitally printed glass for their art and cultural installations. With digitally printed glass, the design options are limitless.
A wide variety of digital printing is available on glass, showing some of the most avant-garde collections of patterns and textures in the interior decoration and architecture market. Regardless of the manufacturing sector, all types of printing that a digital printing machine can apply are different from traditional methods.
It works with modern ceramic inks that are perfect in every parameter.
They produce glass that penetrates the glass during tempering or annealing, and can be laminated, bent and coated with double glazing. Inks are co-created with printers, creating a comprehensive solution for interior and exterior architectural and automotive applications. Used in thousands of projects and millions of automotive glass plates around the world over the last 12 years, the inks produce long-lasting vibrant designs and details outdoors.
Of ceramic inks compatible with modern technology. It is highly resistant to climatic stressors and humidity, has excellent color retention over time, superior abrasion resistance in heavy traffic areas and is ideally suited to the most advanced glass coatings. are just a few of the features of digital printing inks that have been demonstrated in all studies with outstanding results.
The exact tone of the desired color can be selected. Alongside a range of RAL, Pantone, NCS and many other pre-formulated colors, unique colors that cannot be produced by conventional methods are always available. Designs such as gold, platinum, magenta, subtle shadows and all kinds of light effects are possible with digital printing. Every day, digital printing labs develop new special colors on demand for the most modern and creative projects.
Glass is a unique material that is constantly evolving. Technological innovation has led to an endless variety of special glasses with outstanding performance characteristics. Digital printing inks are tailored to customers' needs and developed specifically for use on glass. No matter what type of glass you have and whatever your application, the right ink for you is always available with digital printing.
Ceramic digitally printed glass has to be tempered.
In the tempering process, the glass is first heated to about 650 degrees and then cooled suddenly by blowing air.
Oven settings change depending on the thickness, color and/or coating type of the glass.
Due to the tension differences created on the surface and body of the glass as a result of heating and sudden cooling.
The glass becomes 4-5 times more resistant to impacts.
Small pieces like a membrane that has no cutting feature.
Its resistance to thermal stresses increases.
Because of these features, tempered glass is also called safety glass.
Before tempering, edge processing is applied to the glass. Cut glass cannot be tempered.
Tempered glass cannot be cut, holes cannot be drilled.
Tempering can be done as "full temper " or "partial temper ".
Tempered glass can be the end product or used as a semi-finished product in laminated glass or double glazing.
Tempering is one of the most critical processes in the factory. About 70-75% of the cut glass is tempered.
Temper is the Heat Treatment Process of Glass.
Tempering the glass, we strengthen it (5 layers) and break it into pieces that will not harm when broken.
Tempered glass, which is a safety glass, has the feature of breaking the glass shards into small pieces in a way that does not cause injury as a result of possible breakage.
The tempering process not only gives the glass a safety feature, but also increases the mechanical strength of the glass.
The tempering process is also done to increase the resistance of the glass against thermal stresses. The resistance of tempered glass to sudden temperature change is 200°C.
Non-tempered glass, on the other hand, can withstand a sudden temperature change of up to 40°C.
Tempered glasses; Glazing from the floor to a height of 80 cm from the finished floor level, all the joinery that continues uninterruptedly from the finished floor level to the ceiling, glass doors and the joinery integrated to these doors, motor vehicles, the facade windows of buildings, creating a winter garden by closing the gardens with glass, closing balconies, dividing workplaces with glass, stair-step construction, elevator windows, curved industrial refrigerators, white goods, etc. they are used.
In general, no other treatment is applied to tempered glass. After tempering; Glass explodes when cutting, drilling, countersinking, edge and surface grinding operations are performed.
Grinding or band grinding should be applied to the edges of the glasses to be tempered. The reason for grinding the edges of the glass or cleaning the burrs on the edge of the hole by countersinking is to eliminate the risk of breakage during tempering by eliminating the capillary cracks and glass sharpness that occur during cutting.
Sharp edges of the glass with a diamond stone. Even if this sharpness is removed with a diamond band, the edge of the glass does not gain a profile. Having holes in the glass can cause problems during heating. Since the inner edges of the holes absorb the heat, they expand more than the surrounding glass mass. If there is a hole close to the edge, tensile stress will occur between them, and if there are small cracks on the edge of the hole, it will cause the glass to break. Therefore, burr-free edges of the holes, if possible countersunk, will reduce possible breakage during tempering.
Digitally printed glass can be laminated after tempering.
In the production of laminated glass, a matte Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB) layer is placed between the two glasses and the glasses are passed through the furnace in the assembly line. Then the glasses are subjected to heat treatment in the Autoclave furnace.
At the autoclave exit, the PVB becomes transparent and integrates with the glasses. Glass that comes together under normal conditions cannot be separated from each other. It becomes a single glass.
When colored laminated glass is desired, the desired color is obtained with either colored glass or colored PVB.
The most basic feature of laminated glass is that it is seriously resistant to impacts. The glass does not break against the impact, cracks occur around the impact point. For this reason, laminated glasses fall into the "Safety Glass" group.
The degree of safety increases with the use of tempered glass and thick PVB.
Curved glass, also called bent glass, is produced as tempered and non-tempered (mold camber) camber.
The tempered curved glass bending process is heated heavily until it reaches the melting point of flat glass, the glass starts to melt into a concave or convex mold with gravity, and after it melts the shape of the mold, it is slowly cooled and the bending process is completed.
The cooling process takes a long time, such as four to five hours. The reason for this is to reduce the internal stresses that will occur inside the glass and to prevent cracking and breakage. Considering the technical features of the glass, many designs are made with the bending process, it is possible to produce forms that may seem impossible.
There is an external intervention in the processes deemed necessary in the production of tempered curved glass.
The tempered dome glass bending process involves heating it to 600 degrees Celsius. The high temperature is enough to bring the glass to a state where you can bend it. By using mechanical pressure, we can shape the glass into the desired shape.
In tempered dished glass production, it is produced by adjusting the temperature, duration and convection settings of the furnace, and the necessary settings for the dish (radius, pressure, blowing delay, blowing time, nozzle settings) according to the glass type and thickness.
Curved (bent) glass can be converted into safety glass. This can be achieved by laminating two curved glasses together.
When a dished tempered glass breaks, it is almost harmless to humans. This is because the glass pieces obtained from curved tempered glass are not sharper than other types of glass.
Curved tempered glass is often used in applications where people are nearby and safety is a high priority.
It is a preferred product for all architectural applications such as curved glazing, exterior viewing and angle areas, skylights, solariums, covered walkways, interior walls and balustrades.
Although it allows for many shapes, the non-tempered bombe is time-consuming.
With the heat treatment bending process, the glass is cooled very quickly after it reaches the desired curvature to increase its strength. The main challenges here are how to avoid optical distortions caused by the manufacturing process, and limitations with cylindrical shapes and concave shapes when it comes to coatings.
Curved glass gives architects and designers the freedom to create aesthetically pleasing curved glazed facades where straightness, corners and edges can be enhanced by soft curves.
Various types of steel molds are used to stack flat glass into desired shapes.
In some cases, two or more pieces of glass are bent simultaneously to provide high-quality lamination and insulation following the bending process.
If the camber form is to be given to the flat glass in the quench, it should be paid attention that the kevlar contacting the glass surface is clean and the level is the same. Otherwise, a dirty and uneven kevlar may scratch the glass.
If the curved glass will be quenched, it should be ensured that the kevlar contacting the paint surface is clean and the level is the same. Otherwise, a dirty and uneven kevlar may scratch the paint.
For the control of curved tempered glasses, clearance or control templates should be available and control tolerances should be determined.
Since there is no TS and EN standard for curved tempered glasses yet, ISO 11485-1 and 2 standards should be provided and production should be made according to these standards.
Bent glass is used in windows of cars, buses, yachts and boats, in panoramic elevators and various areas such as stair railings.
Thanks to the curved (twisted) glasses obtained by shaping the glass, the continuity of the light and the image can be ensured.
Bent (convex) tempered glass offers excellent mechanical strength and resistance to temperature changes.
Annealed bent glass is most common in windows and display cases where the need for safety glass is minimal.
When tempered dome glass is broken, it breaks into small pieces like membranes that have no cutting feature.
The bending process provides a new functional and aesthetic quality to the glass.
Bent (Cranked) tempered glass gains all the advantages of tempered flat glass.